A very low oil price of around $20 a gallon led to a scramble for oil storage, one of Vopak's main businesses.
Benjamin Graham analysis:
SECTOR: [PASS] Vopak is neither a technology nor financial Company, and therefore this methodology is applicable.
Graham Number value: [FAIL] The Price/Book ratio must also be reasonable. That is the Graham number value must be greater than the market price. Vopak has a Graham number of √(15 x €3 EPS x €23 Book Value) = €40 and fails this test.
SALES: [PASS] The investor must select companies of "adequate size". This includes companies with annual sales greater than €260 million. Vopak's sales of €1 529 million, based on 2019 sales, pass this test.
CURRENT RATIO: [FAIL] The current ratio must be greater than or equal to 2. Companies that meet this criterion are typically financially secure and defensive. Vopak's current ratio €590m/€969m of 0.6 fails the test.
LONG-TERM DEBT IN RELATION TO NET CURRENT ASSETS: [FAIL] For industrial companies, long-term debt must not exceed net current assets (current assets minus current liabilities). Companies that do not meet this criterion lack the financial stability that this methodology likes to see. The long-term debt for Vopak is €2 210 million, while the net current assets are minus €379 million. Vopak fails this test.
LONG-TERM EPS GROWTH: [PASS] Companies must increase their EPS by at least 30% over a ten-year period and EPS must not have been negative for any year within the last 5 years. Companies with this type of growth tend to be financially secure and have proven themselves over time. Vopak's Earnings have been increasing recently.
EARNINGS YIELD: [FAIL] [PASS] The Earnings/Price (inverse P/E) %, based on the lesser of the current Earnings Yield or the Yield using average earnings over the last 3 fiscal years, must be "acceptable", which this methodology states is greater than 6,5%. Stocks with higher earnings yields are more defensive by nature. Vopak's E/P of 6% (using the average of last 3 years earnings) just fails this test.
DIVIDEND €1,15/€48 = 2,5% (dividend has been increasing)