Arcadis reports NIfO (Net Income from Operations) which seems to be a lot higher than Earnings per Share... which were EUR 0,24 in 2020.
SECTOR: [PASS] Arcadis is neither a technology nor financial Company, and therefore this methodology is applicable.
SALES: [PASS] The investor must select companies of "adequate size". This includes companies with annual sales greater than €260 million. Arcadis's sales of €3 312 million, based on 2020 sales, pass this test.
CURRENT RATIO: [FAIL] The current ratio must be greater than or equal to 2. Companies that meet this criterion are typically financially secure and defensive. Arcadis's current ratio €1 480m/€1 1113m of 1.3 fails the test.
LONG-TERM DEBT IN RELATION TO NET CURRENT ASSETS: [FAIL] For industrial companies, long-term debt must not exceed net current assets (current assets minus current liabilities). Companies that meet this criterion display one of the attributes of a financially secure organization. The long-term debt for Arcadis is €741 million, while the net current assets are €367 million. Arcadis fails this test.
LONG-TERM EPS GROWTH: [FAIL] Companies must increase their EPS by at least 30% over a ten-year period and EPS must not have been negative for any year within the last 5 years. Companies with this type of growth tend to be financially secure and have proven themselves over time. Arcadis's lack of EPS growth over that period fails the EPS growth test and it booked a loss in 2018.
Earnings Yield: [FAIL] The Earnings/Price (inverse P/E) %, based on the lesser of the current Earnings Yield or the Yield using average earnings over the last 3 fiscal years, must be "acceptable", which this methodology states is greater than 6,5%. Stocks with higher earnings yields are more defensive by nature. Acardis's E/P of roughly 1% (using a mixed estimate of Earnings) fails this test.
Graham Number value: [FAIL] The Price/Book ratio must also be reasonable. That is the Graham number value must be greater than the market price. Aracadis has a Graham number of √(15 x €0,9 EPS x 1,5 x €10,1 Book Value) = €14,6. Today's price is: €42,2
Dividend: Arcadis paid a dividend of €0,60, which resulted in a 1,5% dividend yield.
Conclusion 2018, 2019 and 2020: The stock price determined by Mr. Market swings up and down much more than the intrinsic value of Arcadis. As Benjamin Graham, the father of value investing explained: "true investors can exploit the recurrent excessive optimism and excessive apprehension of the speculative public."